in 1955, following the U.S. Supreme Court's two Brown v. Board of Education decisions,Mansfield High School in Mansfield, Texas, was still for whites students only. Mansfield ISD only provided schools for African Americans through the eighth grade, so African American students who wanted to continue their educations had to ride a bus to I.M. Terrell high School in Fort Worth. Some African American residents on Mansfield, including T.M. Moody, began work in hopes of integration at the local high school. They hired Clifford Davis, a young Fort Worth attorney who had previously succeeded with similar suits for the NAACP in Arkansas. On October 7, 1955, Davis filed a lawsuit against Superintendent O.C. Rawdon and the Mansfield School Board on behalf of three African American students requesting admission to Mansfield High School.
Jackson v. Rawdon - Northern District of Texas - Documents
On October 7, 1955, L. Clifford Davis filed a request for preliminary injunction to enjoin and restrain the defendants, including O.C. Rawdon, School Board President, and R.L. Huffman. Mansfield School District Superintendent.
After Judge Estes determined that "This school board has shown that it is making a good faith effort towards integration, and should have a reasonable length of time to solve its problems and end segregation in the Mansfield Independent School District." An appeal was filed on November 21, 1955 to the United States Court of Appeals.
Two separate notices regarding appearances by R.L. Huffman.
The first is notification sent informing J.A. Gooch of oral deposition of Huffman and Rawdon to take place on September 17, 1956.
The second document is an order for R.L. Huffman to appear on November 7, 1955.
J.A. Gooch, attorney for defendants, sends a notice requesting stay of enforcement of decree dated August 27, 1956, on the grounds that plaintiffs transferred to Fort Worth Independent School District prior to June 1, 1956.
The opinion of Chief Judge Hutchison on June 28, 1956 in the case of Jackson v. Rawdon, brought before the US Court of Appeals was that the dismissal of the case by the Fifth Circuit court was incorrect, the decision was reversed and remanded with directions.
Document stating unanimous decision by the school board not to integrate for the 1956-1957 school year. The final paragraph in the document states that if the document is denied, rather than be jailed, the board will comply with the provisions of the court's order.